On March 4, 1876, Taylor County was established and named after William R. Taylor, Governor of Wisconsin at the time.
This act creating the county provided that Taylor County was to constitute one town to be known as the Town of Medford. The first election in the Town of Medford was to be held at the store owned by Roberts & Whelen, mill owners, on the first Tuesday in April, 1875.
The Town of Medford's population as of January 1, 2019 is 2,680 of which approximately 1,965 of the population are of voting age.
The Town of Medford is located in north central Wisconsin.